A 2001 management plan for the 11.5m acres of national forest in the Sierra Nevada - called a "framework" - was approved at the end of the Clinton administration. But the Bush administration replaced it in 2004.
The Bush plan increased logging by five times, allowed bigger trees to be felled, and limited safeguards for forests, water, soil and wildlife throughout the 11 national forests in the Sierra, ostensibly for wildfire prevention.
In January 2005, a who's who of private environmental protection groups sued in Sacramento federal court challenging the Bush framework.
They claim it runs afoul of federal law by failing to protect habitat of the California spotted owl and two small carnivores, the Pacific fisher and American marten. They also claim it was adopted without enough disclosure of its impact and ignored reasonable alternatives.
More at the link.
(And despite forest fires releasing carbon dioxide and particulate matter, studies suggest fire-managed forests in California sequester less carbon than those allowed natural fires.)